Kurt Müller sen.

geboren am 8. August 1904 in Elberfeld
gestorben am 23. Dezember 1982 in
UnterschriftGruen.jpg
 
Portraet2.jpg

War 1944/45

 
>> A last war poem >>
 
>> Letters and some photographs >>
 
UK-Flagge.gif
FlaggeBRDklein.jpg
UK-Flagge.gif
FlaggeBRDklein.jpg
Diese Seite auf
Deutsch
 
Family history Müller - Humphreys
©   Kurt Müller 2014
UK-Flagge.gif
FlaggeBRDklein.jpg
UK-Flagge.gif
FlaggeBRDklein.jpg
Homepage auf
Deutsch
 
UK-Flagge.gif
UK-Flagge.gif
UK-Flagge.gif
US-Flagge.gif
Homepage in
English
 
       Startseite
       Kurt Müller sen.
Portraet2.jpg
 
DSC04234 Kopie 2
DSC04236_Kopie_3
DSC04236_Kopie_4
DSC04235_Kopie_2
DSC04235_Kopie_4
DSC04235_Kopie_5
DSC04235_Kopie_6
Fliegerschaden3

Herta Müller's certificate as a "totally" air raid damaged person

20/21 April 1944 Cologne: 357 Lancasters and 22 Mosquitos of Nos 1, 3, 6 and 8 Groups. 4 
Lancasters lost. This concentrated attack fell into areas of Cologne which were 
 north and west of the city centre and partly industrial in nature. 192 
industrial premises suffered various degrees of damage, together with 725 
buildings described as 'dwelling-houses with commercial premises attached'. 7 
railway stations or yards were also severely damaged.

From:
Facebook pages of

RAF Bomber-Community


 
(also see Wikipedia:

Bombing of Cologne

)

Robert Gölte's diary (

Historical Archive of the city of Cologne

)

contains a report about the air raid of 20./21.April 1944 (4 p.)

InnereKanalMackensen65LinksKarreePiusstrRechtsLuftbild1945

Left: air view of Cologne-Ehrenfeld from 1945. The red spot marks the house Mackensenstr.65 (today and until 1939: Innere Kanalstr.65)

In the night from the 20. to the 21.4.1944 the flat of Herta and Kurt Müller in Cologne-Ehrenfeld, Mackensenstr.65, was completely destroyed by a bomb attack. At this time noone was in the flat. Herta M., 7 months pregnant, lived with her paternal
relatives at Isselhorst (Westphalia) for several months, already.

In the morning of the 21st April Kurt Müllers mother-in-law,

Lina Heitmann (geb.Darm)

, went to the ruins of the house Mackensenstr.65 and searched the smoking remains for anything worth saving. She did not find much, just two things, two books of the about a thousand which had been in the flat, both half-destroyed, but legible, still: one travelogue (Keilpflug: "An den Rändern dreier Erdteile") and one volume from "Heine's works" (see right) from Meyers Klassiker-Ausgaben, a symbolic find maybe because Heine was one of Kurt Müller's favourite poets (see his spontaneous recitation of a

Heine poem

, to be listened to

here

) and was, because of Heine's Jewish origin, forbidden literature under Nazi rule. The Nazi party block warden ("Blockwart") should not have found it.

s27 Kopie 2

Left: View from the balcony of the destroyed flat  Mackensenstr. 65 to Franz- Kreuter-Straße (right) and, crossing it, Barthelstraße (background, centre) with the Schiller-Gymnasium (grammar school from 1888, right in the background, which was completely destroyed in the war, as well). The house in the right part of the picture survived the war relatively well and stands there, almost unchanged, still today. The house in the left part of the picture is preserved in its basic structure, as well, but its surface and form have considerably changed. The house Mackensenstr.65 itself has been replaced by a new building.

s31 Kopie 3

Above: Herta Müller on the balcony of the flat.  From here the photograph "View from the balcony" (see left) was taken.

>> next >>
 
<< back <<